WHAT IS PROSTATE ULTRASOUND GUIDED BIOPSY?
A prostate biopsy is a procedure to remove samples of suspicious tissue from the prostate. The prostate is a small, walnut-shaped gland in men that produces fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.
A thin needle is inserted through the rectum (transrectal biopsy), through the urethra, or through the area between the anus and scrotum (perineum). A transrectal biopsy is the most common method used.
A prostate biopsy may be done when a blood test shows a high level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). It may also be done after a digital rectal examination finds an abnormal prostate or a lump.
Tissue samples from the prostate biopsy are examined under a microscope for cell abnormalities that are a sign of prostate cancer. If cancer is present, it is evaluated to determine how quickly it’s likely to progress and to determine your best treatment options.